Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also known as BPH, is a common disorder among men who visit urologists. BPH or benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) belong to the most frequent diseases in ageing men.
It refers to the nonmalignant growth of the prostate observed very commonly in older men. BPH, the hyperplasia of the prostate gland, starts approximately 40 years of age. The condition is associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). However, not all men with BPH will develop significant LUTS, and other men who do not have BPH will develop LUTS.
Such men might have other conditions of the prostate like prostatitis or prostate cancer. LUTS symptoms include straining, prolonger voiding, partial or incomplete urinary retention, overflow incontinence, frequency, nocturia, the urgency with urge continence and painful urination.
The symptoms increase steadily with increasing age. Many men accept these symptoms as a natural occurrence with ageing, and they learn to live with them. However, when bothered with the symptoms, men usually consult a doctor to get rid of the condition. Another fact is that, in ageing men, the size of the prostate tends to increase in size.
LUTS can affect activities of daily living, cause significant impairment of quality of life and affect sexual functioning. There is increasing evidence that worse LUTS are associated with sexual dysfunction. In this context, sexual dysfunction includes erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. For the treatment of BPH, Urimax can be used to reduce lower urinary tract symptoms.
Prostate cancer is common and the second leading cause of cancer-related death among Americans. It occurs in the prostate, which is a small walnut-shaped gland in males. The gland produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Cancer cells in the prostate grow slowly, and the growth is usually confined to the same region. Cancer cells may spread eventually throughout the body. By the time prostate cancer, symptoms appear, cancer may already be entered the advanced stage. By the age of 50, very few men experience symptoms of prostate cancer.
According to research data, more than half of men in America have some cancer cells in their prostate gland as they reach 80. Most of these men do not experience any bothersome issues associated with the condition. The prostate disease may never cause symptoms or become a serious complication for most people. The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer can be similar to the symptoms of BPH.
Common ones include trouble passing urine, weak or interrupted urine stream, blood in the urine or semen, pain or burning sensation when passing urine, frequent urge to urinate, especially at night, painful ejaculation.
Prostate cancer can spread to the bones, so that back pain can be a symptom of advanced prostate cancer.
Some medications can lower the risk of developing prostate cancer. However, if they can reduce the risk of dying of prostate cancer is still not clear. Talking to a doctor is a must to help find the best care for yourself and your loved ones.
Prostatitis is defined as an inflammation of the prostate gland that may cause due to a bacterial infection. Having this inflammatory disease will not increase your risk of developing any other prostate disease. The symptoms include:
- Trouble passing urine
- Chills and high fever
- A burning sensation when passing urine
- A frequent urge to pass urine, even when there is a small amount of urine in the bladder
- Rectal pressure or pain
- Low back pain or aches
- Genital and rectal throbbing
- Pain in the belly or groin region
- Painful ejaculation
- Sexual problems and loss of sex drive
Prostate diseases can be treated using a combination of painkillers and alpha-blocker drugs, which causes the prostate muscles and muscles of the bladder neck to relax. In addition, bladder prostate medications that shrink the prostate gland may also be helpful. Most patients who receive bladder prostate medications will recover within a few weeks or months, while others will continue to have urinary tract symptoms for longer.
Treatment for BPH includes bladder prostate medications that can relax the smooth muscles of the gland and shrink the size of the prostate. Treatment for prostatitis involved antibacterial medications, and supportive therapies, usually depending on the type of prostatitis. For prostate cancer, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, prostatectomy, and watchful waiting is required.