Mignar 25 mg (Miglitol)
Uses of Mignar 25 mg (Miglitol)
Mignar 25 mg is used for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults in addition to diet and exercise or with other anti-diabetic medication.
How it works
Mignar 25 mg belongs to the class of anti-diabetic drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme known as ?-glucoside hydrolase and thus delays the glucose absorption from intestine thereby reducing the excessive rise in blood sugar level after a meal.
What is miglitol?
Miglitol delays the digestion of carbohydrates (forms of sugar) in your body. This decreases the amount of sugar that passes into your blood after a meal and prevents periods of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). It is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. It may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about miglitol?
You should not use miglitol if you have inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn?s), a blockage in your intestines, a chronic intestinal disorder that affects digestion, or a stomach disorder that causes excess gas. Do not take miglitol if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking miglitol?
You should not use miglitol if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
• An inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn?s disease;
• A chronic intestinal disorder that affects your digestion;
• Blockage in your intestines;
• A stomach disorder that causes excess gas; or
• Diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
To make sure miglitol is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease.
Miglitol is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.
Miglitol can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
Do not give this medication to anyone under 18 years old without medical advice.
How should I take miglitol?
Miglitol is usually taken 3 times per day at the start of a meal. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Take each dose with the first bite of a main meal.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky.
To quickly treat low blood sugar while you are taking miglitol, use a dextrose-based source of sugar (such as honey, dates, raisins, plums, or apricots). A sucrose-based source of sugar may not work because miglitol can inhibit the action of sucrose in the body. Sucrose-based sugar sources include cane sugar, candy, table sugar, chocolate, syrup, and non-diet soda or other sweetened foods.
Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit to use in case you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink. Be sure your family and close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency.
Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals. Ask your doctor before changing your dose or medication schedule.
Miglitol is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor?s instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take your dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
In case of an overdose of Topiramate, get emergency medical attention or call the Doctor immediately.
What should I avoid while taking miglitol?
Follow your doctor?s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
Common side effects
• Fall in blood sugar level,
• Increased bowel movements,
• Increased sweating,
• Soft stools,
• Stomach pain,
• Abdominal pain
Expert advice for Mignar
• Miglitol should be taken at the beginning of each meal.
• Inform your doctor if you have stomach or bowel problems, liver problems, or kidney problems.
• Talk to your doctor if you are taking treatment with insulin or sulfonylureas (e.g. glyburide), digoxin, propranolol, or ranitidine.
• Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
Q: Is miglitol safe?
A: Yes, Miglitol is relatively safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q: How does miglitol work?
A: Miglitol belongs to the class of anti-diabetic drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme known as ?-glucoside hydrolase and thus delays glucose absorption from intestine, thereby reducing the excessive rise in blood sugar level after a meal.
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