Why are acid reducers used?
Acid reducers may be used to:
- Treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Treat ulcers.
- Help prevent problems in people who are at risk for ulcers, like those who take NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) long-term and those who are in the hospital.
What are some examples of acid reducers?
Here are some examples of the two types of acid reducers: H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors. For each item in the list, the generic name is first, followed by any brand names.
Proton pump inhibitors
omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid)
This is not a complete list of acid reducers.
What about side effects?
All medicines can cause side effects. Many people don’t have side effects. And minor side effects sometimes go away after a while.
But sometimes side effects can be a problem or can be serious.
H2 blockers. They can sometimes cause headaches, dizziness, diarrhea or constipation, or nausea and vomiting.
Proton pump inhibitors. Headaches and diarrhea are the most common side effects. Using PPIs for a long time can increase your risk for infections or broken bones.
If you’re having problems with side effects, talk to your doctor. He or she may be able to lower your dose or change to a different medicine.
Always be sure you get specific information on the medicine you’re taking. For a full list of side effects, check the information that came with the medicine you’re using. If you have questions, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.