antimigraine are severe, debilitating headaches that are usually characterized by an intense throbbing or pulsing in one area of your head.
They can include sensitivity to light, sound, and smell, create visual disturbances such as auras, and can even cause nausea or vomiting. Migraines are more than a headache and can affect your everyday life.
antimigraine are commonly treated with medication. There are two categories of drugs used to treat migraines:
acute treatment, for pain and other symptoms during a migraine headache
preventive treatment, to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines
Drugs for acute treatment
These drugs are taken at the onset of migraine symptoms or auras to relieve a headache or reduce its severity.
Taking any of these drugs too often can lead to a rebound headache, headaches that arise from the overuse of medication, which then necessitates additional medication.
If you need to use acute migraine drugs more than 9 times per month, talk to your doctor about possible preventive treatments.
Some over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers are commonly used for migraines, but many are only available in prescription strength.
Aside from acetaminophen, an analgesic that only relieves pain, these drugs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which relieve pain and reduce inflammation:
- acetaminophen (Excedrin, Tylenol)
- diclofenac (Cataflam)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
- ketorolac (Toradol)
- naproxen (Aleve)